Kerala leads Open Source drive in Indian education
Information technology has been a part of the high school curriculum in Kerala since 2003, with IT being a compulsory subject at the 8th standard. The shift to FOSS came in 2005 and in two years it became a part of government policy across all departments
In August 2008, Government instructed all institutions under General Education Department to strictly use Free Software alone in all future teaching and training activities. With the decision of State Curriculum committee to implement Free & Open Source Software (FOSS) in Higher Secondary as well, the entire spectrum of Kerala school education became ‘Open’.
A July 2016 circular had directed all departments to halt usage of proprietary software and to use FOSS. As a follow-up, the Computer Science and Humanities sections in the Higher Secondary shifted to Free Software, but the Commerce section of Higher Secondary was still being made of Tally package for Computerised Accounting System. This was on a Microsoft Windows platform. That too has now been addressed: revised textbooks will soon include Free Software applications such as GNUKhata which would replace the proprietary Tally software, Libre Office Calc and Base which replaces Microsoft Excel and Access applications.
Says Anvar Sadath K, Executive Director of IT@School Project, ‘IT@School is implementing mechanisms for easy classroom transition of chapters including customisation of applications, teachers training, video tutorials etc.’
The Kerala IT@School GNU/ Linux Operating System is a distribution based on Ubuntu and is pre-loaded in all laptops and desktops for schools. Beyond normal Operating System functionalities, this is an integrated package that contains applications like Office packages, Database applications, DTP, Graphics and Imaging software, sound recording, video editing, animation packages, Integrated Development Environment (IDEs) for programming, Web Server & Database server, Geographical Information System ( GIS) etc. This also contains Educational software like Geogebra, Phet, Stellarium, Kalzium, Marble, Razmol, Gplates, Gcomprise, Pysio Game, Dr Geo, Celestia etc.Courtesy The Week